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Saturday, 12 March 2016

How To Raise and Get More Eggs From Your Layers Hen

Hello guys and welcome to my post on how to raise and get more eggs from your layers hen birds. This topic have been what fresh poultry farmers have wanted to know. The thing is Productive is important to many poultry layers owners. Some people don’t care how many eggs their hens are laying because to them,  they are pets. Like i do say, It is one thing to start a poultry farm, it is another thing to start business out of it.

However, if you are raising layers for commercial farming, am sure you will want to get the best return on your feed costs. Am happy to tell you that there are things you can do to increase the number of eggs you collect from your Birds.

Before we talk about how get more eggs, let us first talk on what really affect their production.

What Affects Chicken Production?

There are quite a few things that affect a hen’s ability to lay eggs properly, such as her
genetics, nutrition, stress, and daylight hours. At the very tip top of production, a hen will lay up to one egg each day. Most will take a day or two off every week, even in the prime of their life. You can’t expect a hen to produce more than an egg a day. To improve your egg to chicken ratio, let’s look at what you can control.

Genetics

This will depend on what breed you begin with and whether you raise your own replacement chickens. If you order chicks from a hatchery you have a wide variety of breeds and hybrids to choose from. Some of the best layers are
hybrids such as Production Red, California White, Production Grey, and others. If you wish to keep heritage breeds, the White Leghorn or Rhode Island Red are touted as the best (and I can attest to their ability to lay very well). Black Australorps are also reputed to be great layers, but I have found the Rhode Islands to produce better in my flock.

Once you have an established flock, you may wish to hatch your own eggs and breed selectively for better egg production. Raising your own replacements will allow you to breed for the best disease resistance and overall health of your flock. You will need more space and, of course, you’ll need at least one rooster. Raising your own chicks will not work for everyone, but if you have the time and space, you may find it very rewarding. Remember, you will be buying additional feed for that rooster and any young roosters that hatch. A rooster doesn’t consume a great deal and any unwanted roosters can be butchered before they begin to fight. If you don’t want to deal with all of this, you might prefer to order replacement pullets.



Nutrition


Be sure to give your chickens the proper feed for best results. Young chickens should receive chick starter until they are around 6 to 8 weeks old, and then grower rations until close to laying age. Switch them over to a good quality layer feed to give them the vitamins, minerals, protein, and calories they need to lay those beautiful eggs for you. Free ranging or pastured hens with plenty of room to roam will scratch out a lot of their nutritional requirements, but they will still need layer feed to keep them in top production. They should have access to grass and will appreciate scraps from your table and garden.

Note:
Do not feed your laying hens very many treats or they will have too much fatty tissue in their abdomen. This will cut down significantly on the number of eggs they are able to produce, plus it isn’t healthy for them. Corn and sunflower seeds are fine for providing extra calories during cold weather.


Daylight Hours


Chickens naturally lay eggs when the days are long. Their internal clocks tell them that this is the best time to raise their young. You can trick them into laying eggs year round by setting up a light on a timer in their coop. There are two ways to try to raise the production of chickens by using artificial lighting. If the housing is lit in the cooler hours before sunrise or after sunset, the chickens are able to eat more. If the day length is increased by using artificial lighting, laying hens are encouraged to lay more eggs.

Day length must not be increased until just before young chicks start laying. Otherwise, it can lead to premature laying maturity. It is best to start raising the chicks when the days are getting shorter. If you need to start the growing period when the days are getting longer, try to artificially ensure a constant day length. Just before the laying period starts, lengthen the days by one hour a week until you have 14 hours of light per day. After production rates have reached a maximum, lengthen the amount of light per day by one hour a week until there are 16 hours of light.

Once day length has been increased from 12 to 14 hours, you will need to provide artificial light after sunset to maintain the extra day length. If you do not do so, egg production will decrease. If you are raising laying hens when the days are getting longer, you do not have to provide extra light to stimulate egg production. However, the hens will probably eat more if the housing is lit during the cooler periods of the day.
Whichever kind of light you install, it must be strong enough. If you use oil lamps, there must be enough of them, and they should be located in the center of the chicken house, and should be screened off with thin slats or wire gauze, even if they are hung up. If you have electricity, a chicken house can be lit with ordinary light bulbs. 40 Watt bulbs should be placed 3 m apart and 60 Watt bulbs about 5 m apart.

Chickens naturally lay eggs during the spring and summer when the days are long. Their internal clocks tell them that this is the best time to raise their young. You can trick them into laying eggs year round by setting up a light on a timer in their coop. Starting in the late summer, have the light turn on to mimic daylight for around 14 to 15 hours each day. Some breeds are more likely to produce well in climates with cold winters, so be sure to choose breeds according to your climate and conditions. Make sure you collect eggs several times a day during really cold weather, or they may freeze and crack. You don’t want to lose these precious eggs to frigid temps! Of course, if you live near the equator, you may not need the additional light hours to keep your chickens in production.


Stress

Just as we are less productive when we’re under stress, so are laying hens. If there are dogs and kids chasing them around the barnyard or predator attacks, things of this nature, your chickens will be living in a state of fear and won’t feel the conditions are right for laying eggs and raising a clutch of chicks. It’s also important to note that if you purchase laying hens or point of lay pullets, they will lay a few eggs after bringing them home (the ones ‘in the works’ before they left their previous coop) and then they will stop laying for about three weeks. So expect a dry spell with new hens. In general, keep them happy and stress free for the best egg production.


Happy, healthy hens in the prime of their life are the most productive!

Do you like this article or you have any hints or tips for making your flock more productive, Don’t be the only one to gain from it, also share to your friends and love once.

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