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Tuesday, 12 January 2016

Poultry Farming ( How To Identify And Immidiately Treat Bird Flu Both In Poultry Farming And In Human )

Bird flu is one of the fastest spreading diseases in poultry farm and this is rampad in Nigeria and most African countries because poultry products are usually being moved from one point to another, from state to state. This is one of the reasons why one need to be careful when it comes to setting up and even managing a poultry farm.  In 2015, Plateau state was one of the most hit states when there was an outbreak of bird flu which left the state with more than 160 farms closed down and 400,000 birds destroyed.

A poultry consultant said in an interview with the News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) in Jos on 9th Saturday January 2016, he warns poultry farmers to caution and be at alert. The warning became necessary as investigations showed that the disease had resurfaced in Kano this January 2016 and some
states in the South West. He called on the farmers to adopt stringent bio-security measures to forestall the outbreak of the disease.


“The last time the disease began in Lagos around Jan. 8, 2015 and by Jan. 18 of that same Month, it was already recorded in Plateau, meaning that within the span of just 10 days, it had reached another state. “Reports have it that the disease has shown its ugly head in Kano and some states in the South West, so the need for our farmers to be reminded to take their bio-security more seriously.

 

Below are ways to identify and Treat Bird Flu in poultry farm.

Bird flu is also called Avian Influenza, or Avian Flu and it is an infection caused by Influenza Viruses. These viruses occur naturally in birds. The main carriers of the bird flu virus are wild birds and Transmission is made by exposure of healthy birds with diseased birds through the litter, and through goods and things (clothes, transportation). The function of carriers other animals can perform too, for instance,  we are talking about rats that do not get ill, but can carry the virus on their fur. It is known that the bird flu virus gets into the respiratory tract and enters the eye mainly by airborne droplets, but it is likely infected by direct contact with an ill person While wild birds can carry this virus and spread it, they are usually immune to it, in the sense that they do not get sick. The situation is quite different when it comes to domestic birds. Some domesticated birds like chickens ducks and turkeys can become infected with this virus and die. Bird flu is highly contagious among birds.

This flu is easily transmitted among birds. Here’s how: the birds that are infected usually shed the bird flu virus in their own saliva, in the bird poop and in the nasal secretions. When birds come in contact with the infected saliva or secretions or with the surfaces that have been contaminated by such secretions, they become infected too. So even dirt in cages is really dangerous because it infects the surfaces. Also food or water can become infected: if a healthy bird eats together with a sick one or a carrier, chances are that the healthy bird becomes sick too.

The mild form of this flu can sometimes go undetected: the infected birds only have ruffled feathers and produce fewer eggs. But there is also a highly pathogenic form of the bird flu and it spreads fast. This serious form of bird flu can affect the birds’ internal organs and its mortality rate is of almost 100 percent. The sick birds usually die within 48 hours.

How Do Humans Get Bird Flu?

While in the beginning it was believed that Bird Flue virus can not spread to humans, in the meantime, advanced medical research has proven otherwise. This is a very severe disease for humans too, as it can result into the person’s death within 9 days. Every time it bursts, bird flu is even more serious because of the genetic mutations that occur within the virus structure. People catch bird flu by close contact with birds or bird droppings. Some people have caught the flu from cleaning or plucking infected birds. In China, there have been reports of infection via inhalation of aerosolized materials in live bird markets. It's also possible that some people were infected after swimming or bathing in water contaminated with the droppings of infected birds. And some infections have occurred in people who handle fighting cocks. It was sometimes said that people can also catch bird flu when you eat birds that is affected but the thing is the risk of infection in the use of the infected birds for food is not confirmed, as the virus is killed at temperatures above 70 °C. However, the infection after eating raw eggs is possible. When you cook and fry the chicken or Egg so well, you can never have the virus. There have been a few cases where one infected person caught the bird flu virus from another person -- but only after close personal contact. So far, there has been no sustained human-to-human spread.


Symptoms and Causes of Bird Flu

The main carriers of the bird flu virus are wild birds. Transmission is made by exposure of healthy birds with diseased birds through the litter, and through goods and things (clothes, transportation). The function of carriers other animals can perform too, for instance, we are talking about rats that do not get ill, but can carry the virus on their fur. It is known that the bird flu virus gets into the respiratory tract and enters the eye mainly by airborne droplets, but it is likely infected by direct contact with an ill person. Statistics shows that the lion’s share of all infections influenza A / H5N1 in humans has to direct contacts with infected objects (poultry), or objects contaminated droppings of sick birds.

Some of the symptoms 

 

  • sore throat

  • coughing, fever

  • conjunctivitis 

  • muscular pain. 


Bird flu symptoms in people can vary. Symptoms may start out as normal flu-like symptoms. This can worsen to become a severe respiratory disease that can be fatal.

The best known drug against the bird flu is Tamiflu, made and sold by a well known pharmaceutical company. It has been sold and used in large quantities worldwide and it is quite effective. On the other hand, there are other drugs against the flu, which are less expensive. They contain amantadine and rimantadine. The influenza vaccine also known as the flu shot is an annual vaccine. While the vaccine is quite effective, it does not offer 100% protection, especially because the bird flu virus suffers mutations each year. Vaccination is especially recommended to high risk patients like children, teenagers and old people as well as pregnant women who can develop pregnancy complications on account of the bird flu and its treatment.

TO BE CONTINUED...




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