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Wednesday, 13 January 2016

How To Identify, Causes and 10 Important Things To Know About Lassa Fever

Lassa fever is a sudden onset viral illness that occurs in West Africa. The virus is transmitted to humans via objects and food contaminated with the virus, or direct contact with the feces and urine of an infected rat. It can also be transmitted via person-to-person through contact with secretions and excretions of someone who is infected. This article will help you to recognize the symptoms of Lassa fever, and understand how it is treated. The name of the rat that harbors the virus that causes Lassa fever is called Multimammate rat ( Because it has many nipples like all these local street dogs after delivery. ) While the botanical name is mastomys natalensis.

There is also an upsurge of the disease everywhere. So we should all practice hand washing hygiene. Also all apple lovers should wash them with salt and warm water before refrigerating them to eat. Our wives should avoid testing of dry Garri by chewing them for tasting in the market. All garri soakers should
let go for now.

The problem is that most of our garri sellers in the market buy their garri from bush markets. These garri are often fried half dry and are subsequently dried on polythene sheets on the tarred roads or compounds in the villages. These rat dive in at will to feed their hungry bellies and in the process defecate and urinate on the garri, which dry up with it. If used for Eba, the virus may die because of the hot water used but if soaked, the virus is directly ushered in. Please no one should joke with this precaution, except you process your cassava yourself.

Minister of health reported that Lassa fever has affected over 80 people killing about 40 of them. Cases has been reported in 20 State....

Signs and Symptoms of Lassa fever.

Signs and symptoms of the fever generally appear 1-3 weeks after contact with the virus. The Following are common signs and symptoms of the virus.

  • Fever.
  • Pain behind the chest wall (retrosternal pain).
  • Sore throat.
  • Diarrhea.
  • Pink eye (conjunctivitis).
  • Back pain.
  • Swelling of the face.
  • Protein in the urine.
  • Mucosal bleeding (nose, mouth, lungs, and digestive tract).
  • Cough.
  • Stomach pain.
  • Vomiting.
  • Hearing loss.
  • Tremors.
  • Encephalitis (infection/inflammation of the brain).

TIP For Those Making and Keeping Poultry Feed

All farmer and poultry feed maker should make sure the chicken feeds are well secure and always covered. Rats and other insect should not be given any chance to feed on chicken foods as they may urinate on it and this might affect the chickens.

10 Important Things To Note About Lassa Fever

1. Lassa fever is an acute viral illness that occurs in West Africa

2. The illness was discovered in 1969 when two missionary nurses died in Nigeria

3. the virus is maned after the town in Nigeria where the first cases occurred

4. Lassa fever is endemic in parts of west Africa inducing Sierra Leone, Liberia, Guinea and Nigeria: however, other neighboring countries are also at risk as the animal vector for Lassa virus, the multimammate rat is distributed through the region.

5. In 2009, the first case from Mali was reported in a traveler living in southern Mali: Ghana reported its first case in late 2011. Isolated cases have also been reported in Cote Ivoire and Burkina Faso and there is seismologic evidence of Lassa virus infection in Togo and Benin.

6. The number of Lassa virus infection per year in west Africa is estimated at 100,000 to 300,000 with approximately 5000 deaths.

7. Transmission of Lassa virus to humans occurs most commonly through ingestion or inhalation. Mastomys rodents shed the virus in urine and droppings and direct contact with these materials, through touching soiled objects, eating contaminated foods, or exposure to open cuts in which people are infected: person-to-person transmission may occour after exposure to virus in the blood, tissue, secretions or excretions of Lassa virus infected individual.

8. Signs and Symptoms of lass fever typically occur 1-3 weeks after the patient comes into contact with the virus. For majority of Lassa fever virus infection (approximately 80%) symptoms are mild and are undiagnosed. Mils Symptoms include Slight fever, general Malaise and weakness and headache. In 20% of infected individuals, however, disease may progress to more serious symptoms including hemorrhaging ( in gums, eyes or nose ) Respiratory distress, repeated vomiting, facial swelling, pain in the chest, back and abdomen and encephalitis. Death may occur within two weeks after symptoms onset due to multi-organ failure.

9. Individuals at greatest risk of lassa virus infection are two live in or visit endemic regions including Sierra Leone, Liberia, Guinea and Nigeria and have exposure to the Multimammate rat. Risk of exposure may also exist in other west Africa countries where Mastomys rodents exist. Hospital staff are not great risk for infection as long as protective measure and proper sterilization methods are used.

10. Ribavirin, an antiviral drug, has been used with success in Lassa fever patients. It has been shown to be most effective when given early in the course of the illness. Patient should also receive supportive care consisting of maintenance of appropritae fluid and electrolyte balance, oxygenation and blood pressure, as well as treatment of any other complicating infections.

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