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Tuesday, 4 November 2014

Fish farming (How To Start A Profitable Fish Farming Business)

         LAST UPDATED: JANUARY 2016

Catfish farming business is also one of the farming business that is also highly profitable in most countries most especially Africa.  Farming fish which belongs to the part of agriculture referred to as ‘aquaculture’ is catching the eye of many people as the prospects of profit, especially at first glance seem motivating enough. This form of agriculture has found a huge followers-base primarily due to the relative ease of culturing catfish, the readily available markets for catfish, e.g. with restaurants, especially as catfish is a treasured delicacy among many Nigerian cultures as well as the profitability of a successful catfish venture. In this article, we will be focusing on cat fishing farming in Nigeria. It doesn't matter if you are just  with the hope of making just an extra cash or going into full scale production, here, you will discover the prospects and the challenges facing catfish farming in Nigeria.

Catfish farming in Nigeria began in the early 1920’s and has grown to up to 300,000 acres (in December 2015). Opportunities for raising catfish profitably in Nigeria is so high due to a large pay lake market that consumes about 3 million pounds of catfish a year. Though, it is a lucrative business and it is mainly boosted by the continuous rise in the demand of it.

Catfish farming business is the most
popular form of fishing farming in Nigeria. Here are the full details of starting the business


STARING THE FARMING

Starting catfish farming, one needs careful consideration. Let me start by over viewing the different types of catfishes in Nigeria.

The most common species found in Nigeria are Heterobranchus Bidorsalis, Clarias Gariepinus, Clarias x Heterobranchus Hybrid and Clarias Nigro-digitatus. You might not understand these names but as time goes on, you will.
Clarias spp are very common in the west while Heterobranchus spp are dominating the south eastern part of Nigeria.

Despite the popularity of catfish farming in Nigeria, the fish farming industry is the best described as being at the infant stage when compared to the larger market potential for its production and marketing.
This is because of the unavailability of fingerlings owning to lack of adequate infrastructure for hatches and fingerling production.

CATFISH OPERATION



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Catfish farming or operations in Nigeria consists of two most important types, these are
The types are the nursery fish farming and the grow out fishing farming. The grow out fish farming is defendant of the nursery fish farming because one can’t grow fish without nursery but they could be operated separately.

The nursery is the inducement of the female fish to lay eggs which are then fertilized, incubated and hatched. Those small fish are known as fries.

Going into Catfish involves the following.

(1)  GET A LAND

 If you don’t just want to make extra cash in this business, thereby fishing at home in buckets, this is the first thing you need to get. One have to get at least half plot of land in a suitable location. This means one must get the land where there is good access road and also not very far from market and labor.

(2)  SET UP YOUR FISH POND

  When you have decided to set up your fish pond, that means you have determined to go into a big commercial venture.

Before one set up his/her pound, there are some construction considerations you will have to look at before setting up the fish pound because once the pond is dug and the area have been developed there is nothing one can do to undo the work and recover the cost. These constructions considerations are:

(1)  Where the pond should be established? Does the site have quality water supply? (well or spring)
(2)  Is the area suitable for pond construction? In terms of soil composition and permeability
(3)  Is the water supply suitable for catfish faring? Try growing a few catfish using the water taken from the target source.
(4)  Catfish farming needs some water movement. Will you be able to obtain permits and other necessary licenses for the operation?

TAKE NOTE: The most suitable water for catfish farming is the bore-hole. Steady water supply.

(3)  BREEDING

The first thing you need to get hold is the fingerlings. This can be obtained mainly through artificial propagation in the hatcheries through hormonal induction.

In Nigeria it is usually more affordable than the imparted hormonal. Fish farmers also say that they are more reliable and which i strongly believe that.

PROBLEMS AND FEEDING

 These problems all have their root in the extra care needed to be given to the fry during the first week of life. In this regard, you have to battle with provision of zooplankton which serves as feeds for the larvae, fry and fingerlings thus playing a major role on their growth and survival. There is also the problem of cannibalism, heavy predation by frogs/aquatic insects and the a biotic challenges such as water temperature, dissolved oxygen (>4.5mg/L-1), levels of ammonia. The brood stock to use for the purpose of breeding should be between 0.3kg and 2kg.
Finally, fish farming in Nigeria is an untapped goldmine based on the fact that there is an ever increasing need for it as the best alternative to meet the protein need of the people.


            COMPLETE GUIDE TO INVESTING IN CATFISH FARMING IN NIGERIA.
Our guide will run you through questions you need to consider before construction of your catfish pond begins. It will also give you a basic idea on what to expect when operating and managing your catfish business.

Product details
•   Language: English
•   Last edited (JANUARY 2016)


TOPICS COVERED IN THE MANUAL

CHAPTER 1
HOW TO IMPLEMENT THE BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES
Introduction
Commercial Fish Production
Sustainable aquaculture production
Why some fish farmers fail
Sitting the farm
Five ways to make money from catfish farming in Nigeria


CHAPTER 2
POND REQUIREMENTS, DESIGNS, CONSTRUCTION AND POND TYPES
Types of pond
Advantages of Concrete Ponds
Difference between concrete pond and earthen pond
Recirculation aquaculture systems (RAS)/ Advantages of RAS
Which Pond is better; a Rubber Liner Pond, or a Concrete Pond?

CHAPTER 3  

POND LIMING AND FERTILIZATION
Deciding whether to lime a pond
Choosing liming materials
Timing and application of liming materials
When to use lime to condition your ponds
  

CHAPTER 4
REPRODUCTION IN CATFISH
Choosing Your Male & Female Brood Stock
Injecting the Female Fish
Getting the Male Sperm
Stripping the Female Fish
Mixing Sperm with Eggs & Spreading Inside the Vat
Feeding the Fries
Daily schedules of works in trough rearing of fries
Sorting: A Necessary Factor
Operational cost for fingerlings production
Diseases of fingerlings
Transportation of fish

CHAPTER 5

MANAGEMENT OF TABLE SIZES
Water quality/quantity
Stocking Good quality fingerling/juvenile
Sorting


CHAPTER 6
FEEDING
Feeds, feeding and feed milling
Feed formulation and processing
Feed formulation table from 2month old fish and above
An example are as shown below (this is a proven formula) for a tone (1000kg)
Culturing tilapia for feeding your fish
Handling, sampling and harvesting
Catfish health
Practical preventive measures
Predators and their Control

CHAPTER 7
RUNNING A FISH FARM AS A BUSINESS
Running a fish farm as a business
Operational cost for stocking 3,000 catfish
Frequently asked question and answers
Fish Feed Dealers in Nigeria


CHAPTER 8

CONCRETE POND CONSTRUCTION COST FOR 5000 ADULT FISH (TABLE SIZE) CAPACITY
Dimension/Drawing
Cost of Materials
Labour cost
Cost of Plumbing work


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14 comments:

  1. Hi I would like to start out I am an Englishmen by nationality but my father is from Agbarra and is based in Nigeria. I would like to know start up costs and a break down of these costs. In addition to this I would also like to know how one goes about acquiring a market, as in customers to sell to.

    Thank you

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Hello Sir, Thank you for your comment, To answer your question, you need a business plan.. You can contact me on 08030990904 so as to ask some questions concerning the plan..

      Thank you

      Delete
  2. Thanks for your comment... My next article is going to be on your request... Thanks

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. I AM ALSO WAITING FOR YOUR INFO ON THE START UP COST AND THE BREAK DOWN OF SUCH FOR FISH FARMING

      Delete
    2. i will be pleased to be contacted on your next article on fish farming

      Delete
  3. Hello Afolabi, thank you for the article. i am currently trying to establish a fish farm but want to integrate a poultry as well for obvious reasons. in terms of land acquisition, i heard that Epe is the area that LASG has ascribed to agriculture, which brings me to my next question; how close is this to the market (labour, demand et al)? how do i create a huge demand for the scale i am looking at?

    ReplyDelete
  4. your article is a welcome development, considering the rate of unemployment in Africa generally, and Nigeria in particular. thanks for the initiative. however, I love to get a detailed note from you on how to produce feed for catfish or fish generally, especially from locally sourced materials. my email address is;essangabasi@yahoo.com. thanks for the good work done!

    ReplyDelete
  5. Hi thanks for this write up. Pls i ve space behind my backyard and i want use containers to start for now. How often do i change the water and how are they fed?

    ReplyDelete
  6. I have some things through this,i have the land space,but will need more light on this,can pls give me your contacts so that we can talk more on, bika2007@yahoo.ca

    ReplyDelete
  7. Thanks for your insightful piece.

    ReplyDelete
  8. This is a wonderful piece and i urge prospective farmers to take advantage of this opportunity and get trained before venturing into the business.
    This advice is from the stand point of a farmer.
    Primus Menna
    www.primusagroamerica.com

    ReplyDelete
  9. Nice post, very valuable information keep it up!

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    ReplyDelete
  10. Thank you for your eye opener on fish farming.... Really loving this..

    ReplyDelete
  11. The article is amazing and superb .I have got lot's of information from your article .It will help me in my near future.I am eagerly waiting for your next article .Till then best of luck and offer you a sweet thanks .

    ReplyDelete

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